Gun Law refers to a Law that pertains to firearms and weapons. Gun laws are highly dependent on date and location, as they have changed along with developments in weapons and societies. Gun law can become a political and/or controversial issue in many societies. There are many differing views on how gun laws should be set up in a society.
The main gun law in the USA is called "brandishing a firearm". This is aiming or pointing a firearm or imitation firearm at an individual to induce fear, regardless of whether the weapon is loaded or capable of inflicting harm. It is a Class 1 misdemeanor in the United States, punishable by up to $250 in fines or up to one year jail sentence.
A deadly weapon is usually defined as a firearm or any object designed, made, or adapted for the purposes of inflicting death or serious physical injury. In addition to all firearms, the term deadly weapon encompasses knives of a certain length (usually three inches or longer, depending on jurisdiction, and in almost all jurisdictions includes switch-blade knife, gravity knife, and stiletto of any length), ice pick, sword, dagger, billy club, black-jack, bludgeon, metal (brass) knuckles, nunchaku(fighting sticks), or shuriken (throwing star), among other weapons.
Commission of a crime while armed with or in possession of a deadly weapon usually incurs enhanced penalties.
In some jurisdictions, a distinction is made between deadly weapons and destructive devices, such asexplosives, incendiary or poison gas bombs, grenades, mines, rockets, missiles, or similar devices, including the unassembled components from which such devices can be made.
A concealed carry is the right to carry a handgun in public in a concealed manner. In the United States, even as the number of states adopting legislation permitting this has grown, it has met with opposition. Over 35 US states permit adults who have applied, have no criminal record, and meet training requirements to carry 1 or more handguns in a concealed manner. Two states (Vermont and Alaska) allow any non-criminal over 21 to carry without a permit of any kind.
Carrying a weapon is an enormous responsibility. Training courses spend a considerable amount of time discussing the many aspects of liability should one actually use a handgun, even to defend oneself. Although state laws vary, almost any use that is allowed is solely as a last resort, when one fears that life is in danger, when escape or retreat are not an option, and warnings are given and ignored.
This liability is particularly present if the wearer brandishes the weapon, threatens to use a weapon, worsens a troubled situation (instead of calming it or simply leaving), or is under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Any criminal sanction for use of firearms can apply to the permit-holder as well as to the professional criminal.
Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act
US Firearms Legal Topics:
Assault weapons ban
Brady Handgun Act
BATFE (law enforcement)
Gun Control Act of 1968
Gun politics in the US
National Firearms Act
Sullivan Act (New York)
Violent Crime Control Act
The Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act (1994) is a piece of legislation, passed by the US Congress, which expanded Federal law in several ways. Its most famous provision banned the manufacture of 19 specific semi-automatic "assault weapons" as well as many others defined by cosmetic features. The law also banned possession of newly manufactured magazines holding more than 10 rounds of ammunition. Other provisions of the law included a greatly expanded Federal death penalty, new classes of individual banned from possessing firearms, and a variety of new and federal offenses, in areas such as immigration law, hate crimes, sex offenses, and gang-related crime.
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